Nuclear Heritage Network
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We want to connect anti-nuclear activists worldwide, provide information regarding nuclear issues and anti-nuclear activities in many countries and develop projects and campaigns. This website offers you background information, images, press releases, material and much more. Take some time to explore the Nuclear Heritage Network!
This website is based on the MediaWiki software (similar to Wikipedia) - this means you can edit pages, add your anti-nuclear contents or publish flyers. Help to extend the contents of our webpage, make translations or corrections and add new topics.The Nuclear Heritage Network is more than this website. Twice a year we organize international network meetings, there are several mailing lists for communication and several . We are also developing informational material on local topics in different languages for international use.
News - Neuigkeiten
Police attacked 'Stop Fennovoima camp' at Pyhäjoki - We need help immediately!
28th of April about 3 PM riot cops and police patrol with dogs started to approach the camp. We communicated clearly to the police with a megaphone that they are not welcome, and we don't want to engage in conflict with them. The police didn't say anything or answer to any questions.
Police started to shoot people with a projectile / rubber bullet gun and the people at the camp defended themselves by throwing rocks. The police was clearly aiming for the activists heads, backheads and upper bodies with the gun. People got hit several times on the area of their upper bodies. As far as we know, not to the heads though... The police got hit several times with rocks, and there was one police car burning up in flames at the area.
Report: NEC2016 Conference: "Nuclear Energy - Expensive Gamble"
There were three opening and eight main speeches presented at the Nuclear Energy Conference 2016 held in Prague on April 5. The conference website includes the presentations, profiles of the speakers, photos and audio recordings of all three sections in three languages.
Speakers expressed their surprise at how there is still a need to talk about the unresolved safety problems 30 years after Chernobyl and five years after Fukushima. It was highlighted that energy economics has changed: today we need flexible electricity systems and small units such as renewable energy sources. These are getting cheaper, with almost zero operating costs and negligible costs of disposal in comparison to nuclear power plants. A pressing need to reduce risks associated with radioactive releases to the environment was mentioned and how the associated risks increase with a plant lifetime extension. In connection with this there were serious concerns raised about an indefinite license to operate the first block of the Dukovany nuclear power plant which was issued in March 2016.
Finland: Entire traffic to Fennovoima-Rosatom's nuke plant construction blocked
On 6th of April, 2016, anti-nuclear activists blocked the entire traffic to the Fennovoima-Rosatom's nuclear power plant construction site at Pyhäjoki, Finland. In total the blockade lasted roughly two to two-and-a-half hours. For now, there is only one road leading to the construction site that can take the heavy machinery. This road connects to a smaller one, leading to quarries used for massive landfills now being carried out at the site. Such a detail makes the construction site quite vulnerable for different methods of direct action.
The activists blocked in total three trucks, causing the vehicles to close down the rest of the traffic. One activist climbed onto a truck roof on a road from the quarries to the connection road leading to the construction site, bringing the vehicle to stop. Two other trucks were blocked on the connection road, one by an activist equipped with a heavy-set lock-on tube. The activist locked on very close to the fuel tank of the vehicle: this, combined with the structure and material of the lock-on, proved itself to be a bit of a problem for the police.
Brzkov – Will they stop the proceedings for extension of the protected deposit area?It has been almost a year since the lawyer Luboš Kliment began to represent the four municipalities (Brzkov, Věžnice, Přibyslav and Polná), including owners of endangered estates and the association Our Future Without Uranium (NBBU) from Brzkov. Since then a few discussions with locals were held and many press releases to the media were issued.
Reflections on the Indian Nuclear Project
The village of Jaduguda is situated in the newly created state of Jharkhand in north-east India. Low-grade uranium ore was discovered there in the early 1950s and mining started in 1967. In the intervening decades, approximately 1,000 tons of uranium ore has been brought to the surface daily and processed at a mill situated adjacent to the mine. Milled uranium concentrate is then transported some 1,400 kilometres to Hyderabad where it is further processed into uranium oxide pellets that charge the fuel rods powering ten of India's nuclear reactors. Approximately 25% of the uranium used by the nuclear industry in India comes from the Jaduguda mines.
The group South-West Against Nuclear (SWAN) are calling for an international day of action and occupation of EDF offices/facilities on Monday15th Febuary to demand that EDF withdraw from the Hinkley C project & give up their nuclear ambitions in the UK. On the following day, February 16th cash-strapped EDF will meet to decide whether to continue with their new nuclear plant at Hinkley C in Somerset or not. It could go either way.
The EDF occupations we are calling for on the 15th of February are part of the Groundswell year of action for climate justice. Justice that we believe is being denied by government collusion with the nuclear industry. Nuclear Power is not needed, clean reliable safe renewable energy is.
Pyhäjoki: Stop Fennovoima protest camp
In Pyhäjoki, Hanhikivi area, not far from the city of Oulu, the nuclear company Fennovoima is going to construct a new nuclear power plant (NPP). The originally E-ON founded Finnish company is gathering a number of smaller and bigger Finnish companies, dominated by the Russian nuclear state company Rosatom. They already destroyed parts of the valuable ecosystem partly protected by national and international law. Since 2014 concerned citizens and anti-nuclear activists from Finland and abroad campaigned with actions, events and a permanent camp close to the area against the NPP project.
Nuclear power won't save the climate!
The French nuclear firm EDF was sponsoring COP21 and tried to promote its nuclear-based electricity mix as climate-friendly. To counter this greenwashing the French antinuclear network "Sortir du nucléaire" launched a campaign and was acting during the COP, together with many organizations from all over the world.
Accident at Leningrad NPP
An emergency stop of the second power unit of Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant took place on Friday, December 18, 2015 at 13:50. The reason for the stop and cooling of the reactor was a sudden leak of radioactive steam from a faulty pipe in one of the rooms of the turbine shop. Both the turbines that serve the reactor were stopped.
During the cooling-down step, the reactor steam was ejected through the pipe into the environment. A south-southeast wind of 5 meters per second (not typical for this area) blew the radioactive steam toward the Gulf of Finland, in the direction of Vyborg - Zelenogorsk. The radiation background in the center of Sosnovy Bor, 5 km from the emergency unit, at 17:00 was measured by Green World and was 20 μR/hr (typical background level).Thus, the five millionth city of St. Petersburg, located 40 km east of the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant was fortunate this time. According to some sources, the radiation level rose a few times higher than the background radiation only in the NPP area.
Finland: Reclaim The Cape action week
In the end of April 2016 it will be a year since Fennovoima started to prepare areas of Hanhikivi cape for the new nuclear power plant construction in Northern Finland. At the same time the protest camp against Fennovoima celebrates its first anniversary. The camp was able to stay inside the construction area over five months and was able to slow down the construction works. During the summer, dozens of blockades took place and newspapers wrote about various sabotages. In September, after the eviction that lasted eight days, the camp moved outside the construction site to continue its activities with help of local supporters. Blockades and other activity against nuclear power did not stop at any point.
In the end of April we are going to return to the construction site. The aim is to paralyze the whole construction site, for a long time. With a big enough group we can reoccupy the area and stay there. We don’t only want to occupy the area back but also fill the surrounding areas with activities against Fennovoima, nuclear power, destruction of nature and capitalism, and by respecting the plurality of tactics.This on-going camp/action is a big deal in Finland where people taking part in civil disobedience (and grass root level political work in general) are not so many. Solidarity and participation is welcome from other parts of Europe and all around the world of course. This camp(aign) and the activities around it have been able stall the nuclear power plant, and they will continue to do so. You don´t wanna miss being a part of it!
The Anti-Uranium Events in Prague and BrzkovOn Wednesday November 4, there were two interesting events taking place that had two things in common: uranium mining and the presence of the mayor of Brzkov, where on 18th December 2014 the Czech government gave permission to the preparation process of uranium mining.
Problematic Dukovany Nuclear Power PlantDespite the fact that the September report called "Four years after Fukushima: Are Nuclear Power Plants Safer?" by Oda Becker and Patricia Lorenz recommends “shutting down Dukovany NPP immediately” and is certainly against the PLEX (Plant Life Extension), the very opposite is happening in the Czech Republic. Some politicians, the Energetické Třebíčsko (ET) Association and the Governors of South Moravia and Vysočina Region support the efforts of CEZ for an extension of the operation of all existing blocks Dukovany. At the same time, the same politicians are trying to modify the amendment to the Building Act and the Public Procurement Act in order to speed up the construction process of a new fifth unit at Dukovany NPP. As a matter of fact, a new subsidiary Dukovany II. is supposed to be created which would make an application for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for not just one, but for two new blocks at Dukovany, this autumn of 2015.
Call for solidarity for hungerstrikers in Pyhäjoki, Finland
Anti-nuclear struggle continues in Pyhäjoki, Finland. The Hanhikivi anti-nuclear camp was almost evicted last week, 15th of September, 2015. But the cops could'nt get one person down from a tree hut. Some people started a new camp just next to the construction site, in a cottage which had been a second base of the camp until now. Isolating the person in a tree led to hunger strike of 5 people.
Fennovoima company doesn't allow activists to bring vital supplies to the person in the tree. He has been out of food since saturday 19th of September. In this situation he started a hunger strike demanding to get food, more warm clothes, needed supplies, etc. Monday 21th, 4 more people started a solidarity hunger strike with the same demands. Three of the support strikers are camping next to the Fennovoima office in Pyhäjoki centrum and one is in Helsinki.
Safety and regulatory issues of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in India and the need for a global nuclear regulatory framework
The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) started construction of two 1000 MWe VVER reactor at Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu in 2002. On 31 Dec 2014, 26 months after the initial fuel loading, the NPCIL declared the commissioning of the first reactor completed, without the consent of the regulator, as it could not clear the mandatory tests. Two more attempts also failed and during April 2015, the reactor's output started declining systematically for two months, leading to a 60-day maintenance shut down on 24 June 2015. In the midst of this chaos, on 8th July 2015, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) granted the 'licence for regular operation' of the reactor, 1008 days after the initial fuel loading (IFL). This interval is 3 times the average for 10 other 1000 MWe reactors commissioned in this century. During 666 days of its grid connection, the reactor worked for 380 days only, as 16 SCRAMs and three maintenance outages kept it off-grid for 286 days. The instability of the reactor is attributable to (a) defective, counterfeit and underperforming equipment such as the pressure vessel, steam generators and turbo-generator and (b) shoddy construction practices.
Independent public opinion surveys show resistance of Czech people against nuclear energy grows strongerThree public opinion surveys on nuclear energy were conducted this year by these companies: Focus Marketing & Social Research (at the request of the Friends of the Earth Czech Republic), the Public Opinion Research Centre (CVVM) of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the online Centre for Analysis and Empirical Studies (SANEP). In the following text, we will remind ourselves of their results and the relationship they have with the National Action Plan for the Development of Nuclear Energy which was adopted in June.
Czech Republic: The National Action Plan is so optimistic that it is unviableThree months before June when the politicians voted for approval of the National Action Plan for the Development of Nuclear Energy (NAP JE) in the Czech Republic, associations Calla and Friends of the Earth Czech Republic distributed a fact sheet "Overly expensive nuclear plans" among members of Chamber of Deputies and Senate in order to provide them with the information needed so that they could decide responsibly about the future national energy strategy. However, instead of responsible decision-making that would take into account the development of nuclear energy and renewable energy in Europe and the world, the decision to build four new reactors (two at Dukovany and two at Temelin) was postponed till next government in 2025 but 32 billion for the preparation of this plan have been approved already. The following text will try to describe briefly the most important facts to which current politicians as a whole did not respond according to our expectations.
Intergovernmental commission supported long-term operation of Krsko NPP
In the second half of July the Intergovernmental Commission for monitoring the implementation of the intergovernmental agreement assessed the last five years operation and business of Krško Nuclear Power Plant to be very good, supported the prolongation of operating period and gave its consent for the construction of a dry storage for spent nuclear fuel at the NPP site.
After completion of administrative proceedings, when the Slovenian administration for nuclear safety approved amendments of the final safety report and the technical specifications in connection with the prolongation of operation period of Krško NPP from 40 to 60 years, the Intergovernmental Commisson in accordance with the contract supported the decision of shareholders for prolongation life-time NPP Krško until 2043.
26th of April appeal
This initiative is coming from a French theater company called Brut-de-Béton that in the last 15 years dedicated half of its artistic activities to radioactivity dramas. This theater group is based in Clermont-Ferrand (in the very center of France).
This appeal is not issued by a political party, a trade union, a pressure group, a collective, etc. It originates from a French theatre company called Brut-de-Béton that, for the past 16 years, has dedicated 50 % of its artistic activities to the links between art and radioactive contamination.
The future of the planet, a future contaminated by radioactivity, is not a mere possibility, but a reality, of which only we can decide to stop. The alternative is to continue with business as usual and to prepare for more statistically forecasted accidents.
As of the 26th of April 1986, the Chernobyl disaster, and as of the 11th of March 2011, the Fukushima disaster went down in history. Two nuclear disasters which continue to traumatise populations. Those disasters, just like those forecasted accidents that are looming, have the distinctive feature of having a start date but no end date. They will not stop for hundreds or possibly thousands of years after the life (or “half-life” as they say) of the radionuclides that have been scattered into the atmosphere, the oceans and the soil!
CALLOUT: July approaches, the eviction threat grows - get yourself to Hanhikivi post-haste!
Fennovoima-Rosatom’s nuclear power project is now at a critical point. Fennovoima is supposed to hand over the keys – symbolical and concretical – to Rosatom on the 1st of July, 2015. However, Rosatom wants – as agreed – the area without troublesome extra attachments.
Requirements for a police-assisted eviction are however not quite ready yet. The people still holding on to their lands and cottages in the area have been sent a message by Fennovoima, in which is demanded that the last missing cottage-keys be surrendered to the company at the latest on Friday 26th of June. If this does not happen, the issue will proceed to the Distraint Authorities [the authority managing forced collection of debts, taxes, etc.] according to Fennovoima. After that we’ll have to see how and with what kind of schedule the Distraint and police authorities sort out the practicalities and the connecting of their respective official powers.
Now is thus the eleventh hour to grab your tents and head towards Hanhikivi! We welcome everyone to the politically hottest beach of this year! As the eviction threat grows for each day as the end of the month approaches, it’s of highest importance to make sure that Hanhikivi cape bustles with all sorts of folks.
Nuclear giant Areva goes to war against a citizen
The French nuclear giant AREVA, partly State-owned, puts up a libelling claim against CANSE (Southeastern anti-nuclear coordination), a French informal action group. CANSE has e-published an article that points out AREVA as endangering the neighbours’ life and safety next to the nuclear facilities in Marcoule, Cadarache and Tricastin, all of them are located along the Rhone river valley as well as other ones in Niger (uranium mine) and until Fukushima (with an Areva Mox-crammed reactor).
Whereas the whole informal action group has signed this e-item, AREVA has not made all of them but only one among its members to be interviewed under caution by a Paris examining magistrate (10th of June 2015). It is obvious then that AREVA wants its opponents to shut up when suiting them one by one at a time and quite running them short of money (court and lawyers' fees). Next to the mass demonstrations for free speech against the CHARLIE HEBDO’s slaughter, this claim cannot possibly be successful. As, beyond free speech, this is the worldwide public health which is at stake.
Dance down Fennovoima! Antinuclear dance event at Hanhikivi 31th of May
Fennovoima's megalomanic dream about a new nuclear power plant can still be stopped! This however requires determined, quick and extensive activity. Since 21 April, protest camping and delaying of the work has been going on in Hanhikivi, but also your help is needed!
So far access to Hanhikivi is free for all, but from 1th of June Fennovoima intends to take over the area using a questionable preliminary expropriation permit, even though it will take several months before the expropriation becomes legally final. For this project a law was made that also in the future allows companies to compulsorily expropriate and seize land. It’s our responsibility to stop this autocracy before it starts!
We invite everyone that opposes the nuclear project to Hanhikivi cape in the end of May. Let's dance, celebrate and gather strength by the sea, so we have the energy to continue with the resistance!
What is currently happening in the Czech Republic
The Czech government approved the State Energy Policy (ASEK) on 18 May 2015. Calla, along with other associations – the Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace - issued a joint press release for it. One of the most contentious issues, which the policy promotes, is the high proportion of nuclear energy and coal. When looking into the study called Smart Energy (2009), you will find that the policy resembles the first and the worst-case scenario called "No Active Policy" because the Czech Republic does virtually nothing for the transformation of Czech energy towards renewable energy (renewables' share in electricity production should be max. 25%, and it is unclear whether the state intends to help households in achieving energy autonomy). On the contrary, the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MPO) wants to re-enforce its plans for new nuclear reactors. And the National Action Plan for the Development of Nuclear Energy in the Czech Republic (NAP JE ČR) aims at pushing these through.
NAP JE ČR is to be adopted in the coming weeks. The MPO Minister, Jan Mládek, and Finance Minister, Andrej Babiš, collaborated on it. The plan's formation could be classified as “top secret”. The plan promotes four nuclear reactors, two at Dukovany NPP and two at Temelín NPP. It is expected, however, that eventually "only" two reactors will go ahead (the Dukovany dating from 1985 to 1987 should outstrip the Temelín from 2000-02). Mládek applies his model: we shall decide now, begin the licensing process, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), urban planning, vendor selection, spend up to 1.2 billion EUR by 2025 and then decide where to build the nuclear reactors and how the State will support the decision financially.
Poland's nuclear plans continue dragging in the mud
According to the original time plans, the construction of Poland's first nuclear power plant should already have started in 2013. It is now clear that the final go-ahead will not be given before 2017, if ever.
Just before his departure to the EU, former Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk forced three other state owned companies, ENEA, Tauron and the copper miner KGHM to take 10% of PGE EJ1. Financing is now foreseen to be organised with a corporate set-up like TVO and Fennovoima in Finland (the Mankala model, whereby no VAT needs to be paid by the first consumers because the owners get electricity to the rate of shares they have in the project "for their own use" and then are responsible for selling it) combined with financial support like the United Kingdom has installed for Hinkley Point C - a deal that these weeks will be put for the European Court by Austria and Luxembourg because of alleged illegal state aid and market distortion.
Manifesto for the termination of Germany's EURATOM membership
Unchanged since 1957 – even despite Chernobyl and Fukushima! – those letters on paper that make up the EURATOM Treaty are much more powerful and influential than many are aware of, even within the antinuclear movement. Through tremendous privileges for nuclear industry and research laid down in the Treaty itself and in secondary EU legislation (binding regulations, guidelines, recommendations), EURATOM is the fertile ground on which grow new nuclear installations and, subsequently, ever more uranium mining, radioactive waste and weapons material proliferation. Ultimately, this means increased risks on the one hand, and more work, never-ending work for citizens.
Lately (2014), the British government and the European Commission (EC) have referred to the EURATOM Treaty (ET) in order to justify the approval of big subsidies for the planned nuclear power station HINKLEY POINT C. Probably because they know full well that the 1957 nuclear-euphoric preamble and introductory articles of the ET provide the only chance for the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to reject the forthcoming Austrian complaint against these subsidies, while EU competition rules would entail legal victory for Austria.
Fennovoima already clear-cuts protected forests for planned NPP
In the Hanhikivi cape in Pyhäjoki, Finland, Fennovoima is cutting forests and destroying delicate nature to build a road for the nuclear plant. Now they have permits from the local municipality to cut down about 100 hectares of ecologically valuable area by the end of April, which is one fifth of the whole Hanhikivi cape.
The Finnish decision in principal was given for the plant conditionally, and there are many important questions open: whether there will be enough Finnish or European stakeholders in the project or what will be the plan for the nuclear waste. If the plant is never built, the area is spoilt for nothing. The Hanhikivi natural habitats of the land uplift coast and the threatened and protected plant and bird species are too valuable to waste. The springtime is especially bad timing because of the migratory birds and nesting time.
People Power against Nuclear Power! Anti-nuclear action camp in Pyhäjoki/FinlandFennovoima nuclear power company plans to start building a new nuclear power plant on the ecologically valuable Hanhikivi Cape in Pyhäjoki, northwest of Finland. Let's stop this irresponsible and dangerous project!People power against nuclear power! Anti-nuclear action camp is organized near Hanhikivi Cape June 8-21 by Hyökyaalto, a grassroots action network (Rising Tide Finland). During the camp we aim to learn and share skills and ideas on different forms of direct resistance. Participants are encouraged to provide programme related to the topics. Consensus decision making is preferred. Any kind of discrimination based on gender, sexuality, ethnicity etc. is strictly forbidden. Party political or nationalist signs do not belong to the camp.
Situation in Pyhäjoki, NPP project of FennovoimaFennovoima recently gained ownership of almost all of the land and water body around the Hanhikivi peninsula. In a chaotic meeting that took place on January 31st, 2015, the participants' association of Parhalahti (with more than 200 members/land owners), that owned most of the land and water body, decided to accept the purchase offer by Fennovoima. However, the meeting was so chaotic and possibly even illegal, that the deeds have not been signed yet.
Czech vision of the Atomic State
Last April, when the Czech government refused to guarantee the long-term return on the project of new reactors at Temelín and when ČEZ ended the tender selection process immediately afterwards, both industry and finance ministers were tasked with developing strategy for going ahead with the nuclear in the Czech Republic. Its creation was kept under wraps and only recently it was submitted for an assessment to other ministries under the name of "National Action Plan for the Development of Nuclear Energy in the Czech Republic". A simple fact that the ministries were given just five days for the reaction to the proposal which will affect the future of the Czech Republic for the entire century, urges vigilance. Besides, the proposal makes reference to the approved draft of the National Energy Policy of the Czech Republic that has not yet been adopted.
Nuclear Free California Holds Conference to Shut Down Diablo Canyon
Activists from across the state and from as far away as Washington, D.C. and Fukushima, Japan attended a conference under the banner of Nuclear Free California the week-end of January 24-25 in the central coastal community of San Luis Obispo. The purpose was to discuss shutting down the local Diablo Canyon nuclear reactor, the last nuke operating in the sunny state.
The aging reactor sits in a tsunami zone among a number of earthquake faults, most not known of before its construction. Many are able to deliver a jolt greater than the design can stand, according to Dr. Michael Peck, Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s former head inspector at Diablo Canyon. The NRC transferred Dr. Peck to another facility for his written opinion that the reactor needs to be shut down, and it will be a major challenge to get regulatory agencies, starting with NRC, to actually regulate.
Blockade against nuclear weapons in England
Britain is planning to renew it's expiring fleet of Trident nuclear submarines and the decision for the matter is planned to be made next year. In the case of a favorable decision, Britain will commit to nuclear rearmament that will last for decades, and in the worst case scenario could lead to a new vicious circle of nuclear arms race. During a time of growing unequality and class differences, climate crisis and emerging wars and conflicts across the continent, the UK government is ready to commit to the astronomical costs (an estimate of £76 billion or more) of manufacturing and maintaining Cold War style heavy nuclear arms.
Anti-militarists are organising a mass lockdown at the Burghfield nuclear arms facility on the 2nd of March. The blockade is part of the non-violent direct action and campaigning against a new nuclear arms program. British nuclear arms are produced, maintained and stored in an Atomic Weapons Establishmet in the village of Burghfield, located near the city of Reading.
Support for restriction of radioactivity in production of food
You probably do not wish that radioactive fertilizers are used and radioactivity spreads in production of food. The amounts of radioactivity in phosphate ores vary considerably and no directive exists for limiting the radioactivity accepted in fertilizers. Our attempt is to urge the European Union to issue a directive to restrict radioactivity in fertilizers by setting a limit to the amount of radioactivity accepted. We hope that you can support this initiative, below is a model letter of support to be sent to the commissioners and the letter we sent to them, with addresses. If you send a letter of support to the commissioners, please inform us and if you have some other ideas of supporting the case, please let us know.
Czech government wants to mine uranium in Brzkov from 2022
Since June 2014, the association "Our Future Without Uranium" (NBBU) of Brzkov is trying to make the Regional Authority of the Vysočina Region and ministerial officials understand the absurdity of opening uranium mine in Brzkov and to persuade them to take appropriate measures to prevent mining. According to the latest information, the Czech government still wants to mine and the Regional Authority continues to support this intention, too. On the other hand, the opposition councillors support dialogue with NBBU and local municipalities.
Members of NBBU have had a busy spring, summer and autumn. At first - they founded their association at the beginning of June. By this they have taken a responsible role of defender of their rights and their home. Subsequently they held a first debate (co-organized by Calla), where they introduced their petition "NO URANIUM MINING IN THE VYSOČINA REGION" which was addressed to the Prime Minister Sobotka (1,700 signatories by mid-October), they signed the "Memorandum for a Future Without Uranium" together with four local authorities, organized the "March Against Uranium" in September and the photo exhibition "Faces of Uranium" (in cooperation with Calla) ongoing till the end of October. During the October excursion in the chemical treatment plant in Dolní Rožínka they established a direct contact with the leadership of the division GEAM of DIAMO, state enterprise, which was authorized by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MPO) to produce study on the feasibility of opening uranium deposit in Brzkov-Horní Věžnice.
A wake up call for Capenhurst
American radioactive Uranium Hexaflouride (UF6) leak signals major concern for North West residents. Sunday (October 26, 2014) night's leak of Uranium Hexaflouride (UF6) from the Honeywell Uranium enrichment plant at Metropolis, Illinois, clearly illustrates the kind of dangers that are inherent in such plants.
Leaked Photographs Sellafield
Photographs leaked by a whistleblower showing decades of neglect of dangerous wastes at the Sellafield site have been sent by Radiation Free Lakeland to the Austrian Chancellor. The photographs were published in The Ecologist on 27th October under the headline: "Leaked Sellafield photos reveal ‘massive radioactive release threat.’"
In a letter sent on October 29th to the Austrian Chancellor, Radiation Free Lakeland says:
"We wrote to you last week supporting your challenge to the European Commission on state subsidies for new nuclear at Hinkley C. Since then the leaked images of the Sellafield wastes have been published in the Ecologist and have been studied by nuclear expert John Large.
Lifetime extension of Kola NPP 4th reactor: an unnecessary risk
Since October 11th all of four reactors of Kola Nuclear Power Plant are running over the allotted lifetime. Friday, October 10th the lifetime of the 4th reactor was finished. Kola Environmental Center considers that lifetime prolongation of nuclear reactors over the project period carried additional risks without real needs.
March Against Uranium in BrzkovThe march against planned uranium mining on September 7, 2014 was attended by approximately 200 people with children, mostly locals, but some participants also arrived from surrounding villages and towns. The march was organized by the association "Our Future Without Uranium", which expresses disapproval of the Brzkov population with the government’s intention to restore the local mining uranium in the future, which would be contrary to The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic from 1999. During the day citizens could sign the petition by the civic association called "NO to Uranium Mining in the Highlands" (about 1200 signatures since July), which is addressed to the Prime Minister Sobotka.
Photo Exhibition "Faces of Uranium" in PolnáFrom 24 September to 31 October 2014 there is going to be installed a photo exhibition "Faces of Uranium" of photographs by Václav Vašků in the passageway of a bookstore "Kuba and Pařízek" in Husovo náměstí 44, Polná. The photo exhibition runs concurrently with the processing of a feasibility study for opening Brzkov and Horní Věžnice uranium deposits (the government commissioned the state enterprise DIAMO to finish this study by 30 September 2014). The opening of the photo exhibition will take place on Wednesday 24 September at 3pm and Václav Vašků is going to be present, too.
Solidarity campaigns for persecuted groups in Russia
Two solidarity campaigns have been started to support NGOs affected by the latest persecution under the "foreign agent" law in Russia. In Germany a campaign informs about the repression and political background, collects donations for the affected groups, spreads the word about concrete cases and activates groups to express their solidarity. Currently they focus on the persecution of "Humanistic Youth Movement" (GDM) and the already as "foreign agent" declared "Ecodefense". Additionally an international solidarity campaign has been initiated by anti-nuclear activists demanding Ecodefense's acquittal of the "foreign agent" stigmatization in a multi-lingual appeal.
Since some time progressive Russian groups and activists are under oppression by the state's authorities. With the "foreign agent" and "extremism" laws instruments have been created to suppress and eliminate organizations and movements being critical to the state, but also any others bothering the political powers. In this context legal organizations de facto get prohibited if they are classified "foreign agents", because under these circumstances the continuation of work is almost impossible. With vague accusations of extremism even individuals who made critical statements were threatened with perennial imprisonment and virtually vanished into thin air. Environmental and human rights groups as well as other progressive organizations shall be stigmatized spies and discredited publicly.
Russian human rights activists under pressure
Friends of us, human rights activists from Murmansk, Russia, who are also involved to the Nuclear Heritage Network, joined actions, projects and contributed practically to our international anti-nuclear work, are currently faced to pressure by authorities. Their organization "Humanistic Youth Movement" (GDM) is accused to act as "foreign agent" as they receive funding from abroad and their activities are considered "political" by the prosecutor. This status would cause the closure of the organization as it is practically impossible to continue work with that label. The case was forced by the Russian secret service FSB, although in an earlier inspection by the Ministry of Justice the final reports stated there was no indication to consider GDM a "foreign agent". On July 8, 2014 they will have the public hearing in the Murmansk District Court.
In Germany, a solidarity campaign has been started to spread the word about the case, and also to support other concerned NGOs in Russia like Ecodefense which was declared a "foreign agent" in the middle of June. We also want to collect money to support the legal costs like lawyers, court costs and fines that these NGOs are posed to. Please support our Russian friends with solidarity statements, articles or financial contributions.
- bank account: Spenden & Aktionen
- purpose: "Soli Russland"
- IBAN: DE29 5139 0000 0092 8818 06
- BIC: VBMHDE5FXXX
- bank: Volksbank Mittelhessen
Germany: Invitation for joint autumn campaign on nuclear waste misery
Despite the general criticism of the Nuclear Waste Commission, many people talk with and about the Commission and not about the nuclear waste as such.
We want to change that!
The joint preparation of the Nuclear Waste Inventory in the past year has created a technically substantiated and widely acclaimed framework for the nuclear waste discussion. We propose as the next step to actively trigger ourselves the public discussion with a joint campaign in autumn 2014 and invite to a 1st nationwide campaign meeting on Saturday, July 19, 11 AM in Göttingen at DGB, Weendener Landstr. 6.
2015 Cancer Congress - An aspect of stopping nuclear power
"Life through knowledge" is the slogan of the Bavarian organization "Krebsgesellschaft" (cancer society). Science deals with quanta-healing and the role of different cells in the brain: is the healing of cancer left behind or is it suppressed by big profit interests? - The later option came back to my mind when I spoke to an Italian friend who heard a story about a molecule with healing effects and this was later completely decomposed in a way with no alternative but keeping the experimental procedures going - a live and let die mentality. In addition to this point comes the contract between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) which ties the one side leaving us uninformed if it doesn't fit into a world of fossil energy.
Revenge for successful campaign against Baltic NPP - Ecodefense has been declared a "Foreign Agent"
On June 16, 2014 the Russian environmental NGO Ecodefense received an inspection report of the Ministry of Justice declaring the organization a "Foreign Agent". The decision was based on Ecodefense's successful campaigning against Baltic NPP near Kaliningrad. 2013 the construction work on site had been frozen and continuation is unclear after intensive campaigns against the new nuclear power plant. To be declared a "Foreign Agent" means de facto the closure of an organization. Ecodefense interpreted the declaration a revenge for the successful activities against Baltic NPP.
A previous inspection by the Russian authorities in spring 2013 didn't find any indices for considering Ecodefense a "Foreign Agent". It seems that the 2014 inspection first came to the same result but under pressure from Moscow was changed to the final statement Ecodefense indeed would act as a "Foreign Agent". By definition, "Foreign Agents" are registered Russian nongovernmental organizations (NGO) undertaking political activities with foreign support. This weak definition of the law practically could allow to declare many critical NGOs "Foreign Agents". The law had been criticized by Russian human rights organizations already since 2012, when it was introduced. Ecodefense was one of the 11 NGOs filing a complaint against the law to the European Court of Human Rights in early 2013.
Will there be a nuclear fuel plant in Bystřice nad Pernštejnem?The Institute of Nuclear Fuel in Prague (ÚJP Praha a.s.) plans to build a nuclear fuel plant for production of nuclear fuel for VVER reactors and alloying depleted uranium in Bystřice nad Pernštejnem. The design capacity is 450 tons of processed uranium oxide per year (800 fuel assemblies). So far ÚJP Praha a.s. management has not clarified for which client a nuclear fuel plant should serve. According to the investor ÚJP Invest, s.r.o., the EIA process for the plan has been substantially completed since December 2013.
New uranium mine in central Europe?
Although the Czech taxpayers, with support of the European ones, in case there are subsidies from Brussels, still have to pay tens of billions of Czech crowns for remediation of uranium mining and processing sites in the Czech Republic over the past few decades, there are serious proposals for a new uranium mining project. Prime Minister Sobotka and Minister of Industry Mládek launched reflections on opening uranium deposits in Brzkov and Horní Věžnice close to Polná in the Jihlava region, which are expected to total 3,100 tons of uranium. In order to keep Czech uranium mining industry operating.
Environmental Impact Assessment on new reactor in Finland
Due to Rosatom taking over e.on's shares in Fennovoima, and thus owning the biggest share of this "Finnish" company, politicians and authorities in Finland required the company to do a new Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the proposed new reactor in Pyhäjoki. The significant changes in the ownership of Fennovoima as well as the massively changed size of the reactor and the different model to be used make it necessary to submit a completely new application, says the responsible Ministry of Employment and Economy, while the Ministries of Environment and of Foreign Affairs agree with this stance.
Currently, Fennovoima holds a decision-in-principle of the Finnish government and parliament politically supporting the new NPP in Pyhäjoki issued in July 2010. This statement required by Finnish law will remain valid only if the construction of the nuclear power station will be started by July 2015. Otherwise, Fennovoima would have to apply for a new decision-in-principle, too. However, there is a debate in the Finnish public whether Fennovoima anyway needs to apply for a new decision-in-principle due to the massive changes in their concept.
Chernobylski Shlyach 2014
The totalitarian countries only seek to take control of nuclear technologies today. It is obvious that political, military or corruption interests are behind it. Besides Lukashenko's dictatorial ambitions the nuclear power plant construction in Belarus is supported by the Russian nuclear expansion with purpose – to put our country (Belarus) in economic and political dependence. Such 'nuclear' dependence, in addition to already existing ones (monetary and resource), will lead Belarus to full loss of the sovereignty.
The decision on nuclear power plant construction in Belarus was made not by the people of our country but by its government. The construction of the Ostrovets nuclear power plant goes in inadmissible haste, with numerous violations of laws, technical norms, and it was launched before development of the project, its examination and licensing for construction. The nuclear power plant in Belarus is under construction on experimental Russian technology, and its risks are hidden from the Belarusian people and the international public.
Call-out for submitting documentation for a monograph on Antinuclear campaign in Poland in 1980s
Veteran protesters against the started-and-later-dropped NPP Żarnowiec in Poland one and a half decade ago are looking for documentation, including photographs, documentary footage, films, posters, article clips, official letters or other forms of testimonies about those protests and the related events or activities during that time.They will be used for preparing a publication "Antinuclear campaign in Poland from 1985 to 1990" by Tomasz Borewicz, to be published still this year.
Economic Limits of the Nuclear Power Industry
Nuclear power is gradually retreating from its former prominence in the world. Not-very-old phrases such as “nuclear renaissance” have become history, as it has turned out that new reactors do not stand a chance against other sources in an open market environment. Governments have therefore come up with previously unthinkable proposals for various guarantee mechanisms aimed at encouraging potential investors. What will their impacts be? Are they not ignoring other costs that are not reflected in the price of nuclear electricity?
The objective of the international conference NEC 2014 “Economic Limits of the Nuclear Power Industry” on April 29th, 2014 in Prague is to discuss, in the presence of international and Czech experts, precisely these economic aspects of the nuclear power industry, which condition its future.
India: Call for solidarity
On 24-27 January Mr. Shinzo Abe, prime minister of Japan, will visit India and sign a nuclear agreement which is needful for India's nuclear program. Anti-nuclear movement will protest in Delhi and show posters with the writing "Mr. Abe, you're welcome to India, Nukes are not!". Coalition for nuclear disarmament and peace calls for international solidarity-pictures with this poster.More: http://www.indiaresists.com/mr-abe-youre-welcome-to-india-nukes-are-not/
Radioactive Grave In One Kilometer From The Baltic Sea And 40 km From St. Petersburg
On Friday, December 27 at 15 o'clock, in the administration building of Sosnovy Bor, public hearings on the preliminary EIA materials on "Point of disposal of radioactive waste" (PDRW) were held. Burial place is offered in clay at a depth of 50 m, between two water horizons. It is approximately 3 km from the residential area (village Rakopezhi ), 1 km from the Baltic Sea and 5 km from the pine forest.
More than 2 years is a discussion on this project ongoing. Independent experts, nuclear scientists, representatives of public organizations of Sosnovy Bor, as well as the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg and Leningrad region, representing the Communist Party, Just Russia, Yabloko party, come out with harsh criticism of the project.
The Fennovoima nuclear plant project is in trouble, as 15 more shareholders leave. Some left completely, some partially. But the surprise to all was a few big industrial shareholders. Today, the situation is: only 50,28% of the shares are owned by Finnish owners. The rest is for sale.After E.On's pullout, Fennovoima changed the reactor supplier: Rosatom offers a 1,200 MW reactor. This is 25% smaller than the original plan (1,600 MW). Rosatom plans to buy the shares originally owned by E.On, this is 34%. Since E.On's departure in 2012, there are now additional 16% shares for sale, but no buyers yet.
Report: Anti-Nuke actions in Berlin and Büchel
Commemorating the tragedy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Some of you might have seen the flyer by "I CAN" or "Atomwaffen frei jetzt", I don't know if you, the reader, even supported the action or even went to Büchel to block a gate at the airport near the Mosel river... I hope many of you took time to think about what happened on the 6th and the 9th of August 1945 and maybe about the danger we still face today. I did, as I went to Berlin on the 2nd of the month already. I planed to fast there among the initiators and participants as I did in Paris 2012.
Decisions move closer in the UK
The announcement of a strike price despite a year of negotiations is claimed to be on the brink of agreement, with UK media speculating on a price of around 93 pounds per MWh more than twice the current market price - the condemned government are determined to feather the nests of big business by increasing fuel poverty through it's regressive energy policy.
It looks like China general nuclear power group will be EDFs investment partners and if they achieve the kind of stakes they're aiming for (rumour has it they're looking for an almost equal stake) then the coalition government will succeed in giving the worlds most powerful authoritarian state partial control of the most dangerous technology on British soil, with not one iota of the concern that Thatcher expressed in her day wen she had her government block Kuwaiti investment in the UK energy market.
Update on repression against environmental groups in Russia
Since Western media are not reporting that much anymore on repression against non-governmental groups in Russia (except for the case with jailed Greenpeace activists), I will put some update on this crackdown going on presently. Feel free to send around. Greenpeace case is getting a lot of coverage in Russia and governmental media broadcasts a lot of bullshit to make sure Russians hate environmental activists of all kinds.
Ugly thing happened in the South of Russia, Krasnodar city, close to the site of 2014 Winter Olympic Games just few days ago. Local police together with FSB (exKGB) tryed to catch environmental activist Rudomakha. They came to the office of local political party threatening to storm it because they thought activist is inside. But he left earlier. Police gave no explanations but local people think it is because of Olympics. Rudomakha spent a lot of time criticizing the destruction of local nature related to Olympics preparations. Fortunately, activist is still not arrested.
Visaginas NPP fate "undecided", as politicians ignore the decision of the referendum
Despite the results of the referendum in October 2012, where people voted against a new nuclear power plant in Lithuania, politicians are still trying to push for the roject. The Government of Lithuania, as announced in the media, will soon make the decision regarding the fate of Visaginas NPP. The plans to discuss the common position of three Baltic countries, regarding the project, have also been announced. So far, both Latvian and Estonian politicians were reluctant towards this project.
Study on banks involved in the financing of nuclear weapons
An ICAN study published on October 10th, 2013 has lists 298 financial service providers from 30 countries that support 27 companies developing, producing or maintaining nuclear warheads, including rockets, bombers, submarines on the scale of 235 billion Euro ($ 314 bn).
Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, Allianz, Unicredit (including HypoVereinsbank) together with publicly owned BayernLB, Helaba and KfW place germany on 4th place after USA, UK and France. On the list of receivers are also German companies like EADS and ThyssenKrupp that deliver nuclear enabled submarines to Israel. The medical peace organization IPPNW, one of the founding members of ICAN and partner campaign of atomwaffenfrei jetzt!, claims a contract for a total stop of nuclear weapons.
While latest NATO strategy paper about the reduction of nuclear weapons does not follow the path claimed by former foreign minister Guido Westerwelle who called nuclear weapons a "relic of the Cold War" and said they "no longer have a military purpose." some years ago, the German government denies to join a declaration by 124 countries against the use of nuclear weapons "under no circumstances" as it is in violation of the principles of the NATO military treaty, the government justified on October 11th. read more
Nuclear trains spotted around Gronau
After a transport arrived Hamburg harbour destinated for the nuclear facility in Lingen yesterday, on October 22th 2013 several trains around Gronau have been spotted. One train left to Tricastin NPP in Pierrelatte passing Hamm, Hagen, Köln, Bonn, Koblenz, Trier, Perl-Apach. Another highly radiating train assumingly with uranium from Canada arrived to Gronau today as well. On the weekend the material had arrived on board of Happag Lloyed's "Montreal Express" which carries radiactive material on a regular basis.Because of the high risks in case of accidents with uranium hexafluoride the government of Rheinland-Pfalz ruled in 2012 that counties and emergency services have to be informed before transports of this dangerous chemical. On contact with moisture it reacts heavily producing toxic acids which makes instant evacuation within a radius of 5 kilometers necessary. Contrary the transport through Nordrhein-Westfalen have been kept secret to hush the immense risks for the public.
Finland: Rosatom- Fennovoima deal to continue Pyhäjoki NPP project
This announcement is not welcomed here. Legal experts say there are problems with this deal: permission given by the parliament was based on 2 alternatives: AREVA (EPR) and Toshiba (ABWR), both 1600 MW units. No environmental assessment was done for the Rosatom alternative. A new permission is needed, otherwise the democratic process written in the nuclear energy law has no real value. The Rosatom deal means a delay to the project, at least one more year.
Almost-disaster with burning nuclear ship in Hamburg/Germany
Mai 1st, 2013 the combined RoRo/container vessel Atlantic Cartier was on fire at the harbour of Hamburg (Germany). The fire was extinguished by 5 fire-fighting boats and 296 firefighters after about 16 hours. Only 500 meters from the burning ship the opening church service of Church Days was held with 35,000 people in the heart of the 1,800,000 citizens town. Nobody have been warned or evacuated.
Two weeks later an answer from the federal state parliament showed it was loaded with about 8.9 t fissile uraniumhexafluoride and 11.6 t fissile uraniumoxide or fuel rods beside 180 t Ethanol, about 3.8 t cartridges for weapons 2.6 t solid propellant and much more dangerous goods. The fire burned 70 new cars in the body of the ship, so some endangered containers right on the top were cleared in hurry during fire-fighting operations. The UF6 came probably from USA with destination Uranium Enrichment Facility Almelo (Netherlands). The uraniumoxide was supposed to be delivered to France.
Peace Boat brings message from Fukushima to Riga: Nuclear Free Now!
On Wednesday May 22, 2013, the Japanese based Peace Boat visited the port of Riga, Latvia with close to 800 participants onboard, including people from Fukushima. Peace Boat hereby invites interested media, NGOs and members of the public to join us on this occasion for a press conference and discussion onboard the ship.
Environmental scandal at uranium exploration project in Bahi, Tanzania
For more than five years, a number of foreign companies has intensively explored potential uranium reservoirs in different parts of Tanzania. Recently, a mining licence has been issued for the Mkuju River Project, partly owned by ARMZ, Russia. For this project the borders of the UNESCO protected world heritage Selous Park has been accepted by the WHC. Also concerned are the wetlands in a hollow without outlet in Bahi in Central Tanzania, some 50 km west of the capital Dodoma. For the inhabitants of this otherwise semiarid region it is of big important for growing rice, fishing, grazing, manual salt production in small amount, etc.
From the very beginning, the exploration was forced by high governmental levels, particularly by the Ministry of Mining. The inhabitants or their rights were not respected. Even the simplest security measures as filling up the exploration dikes were not brought into action. As far as we know, there was also no monitoring of possible releases of radioactivity for instance by the TAEC Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission or of other dangerous materials like heavy metals.
The residents of the village expressed their objection of the uranium mining plans in several gatherings and with the collection of signatures, because they fear the destruction of their natural resources.
In the end of 2012, several companies - Mantra Resources, International Gold Mining, Tanzoz, and the specialized US drilling company Layne - against the citizens' volition executed an intensive drilling programme on the territory of the villages Bahi Makulu and Illindi. In Bahi Makulu, particularly an area called Mashamba Mapya ("new field") was concerned. It had been prepared for growing rice only five years before. Since the rains starting in December 2012, an accumulated number of health problems is appearing with people having contact with the water from the concerned area.
Background information on Lithuania's nuclear policy
Lithuania is decommissioning the Soviet built Ignalina nuclear power plant and is planning a new one at the same site, despite that citizens voted against it in a nation-wide referendum held on October 14th, 2012. In the past Ignalina nuclear power plant (INPP) consisted of two RBMK type reactors (the same as in Chernobyl), which were built while Lithuania was member of the Soviet Union. INPP produced up to about 70-80 percent of the country's electricity. In 1992, a nuclear fuel cassette was stolen from the Ignalina nuclear power plant. In 1994, a terror act was proposed and the power plant was stopped for a few days. Lithuania had to close INPP as a condition to join EU, due to safety reasons. The first reactor was closed in 2004, the second in 2009. INPP now is the biggest energy consumer in the country. In 2010, radioactive liquids were released in the surrounding area of the plant; it was officially claimed not to be dangerous.Despite these difficulties, Lithuanian politicians are planning a new atomic power station (Visaginas - VNPP) at the same site. In 2006, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia decided to build the new nuclear power plant together. Later Poland joined the project, but recently was hesitant whether to want to join the project when they got to know the conditions with the constructor Hitachi-GE. In 2007, Lithuania's parliament adopted a law on building a new NPP. The law also stipulated the creation of a "national investor" to gain investments for the new nuclear power plant.
Nuclear plant near Kaliningrad – bad story that must be ended immediately
For the first time in Russian history, the national nuclear corporation "Rosatom" is attempting to build nuclear reactors not for domestic supply but for the export of electricity to foreign countries. This is the case with the Baltic nuclear power plant in Kaliningrad region, located close to the border of the EU member Lithuania, which opposes this project.
The energy demand in Kaliningrad is covered presently (as of spring 2013) for 100%. This is due to new natural gas power plant build just two years ago. And it should not come as surprise that Kaliningrad residents opposed to this nuclear plant. If built, the nuclear plant near Kaliningrad will put people under the risk of a new Fukushima and, additionally, will produce nuclear waste, dangerous for the next million of years. And money will go into the pockets of nuclear industry.
Since 1990, the nuclear industry attempted to lobby for the nuclear plant in Kaliningrad at least three times. But every time local authorities were opposed to the nuclear development. That position changed after the federal government in Moscow introduced a political reform. Moscow started to appoint new governors by the decision of president, instead of public elections. And the first governor which came from Moscow to manage Kaliningrad - Georgy Boos - quickly decided to build the nuclear power plant. Three years later he was dismissed as a result of largest political protests in the last 20 years in Kaliningrad.
Atomic Policy in Latvia
From 1940 to 1990 Latvia was a part of the Soviet Union thus its nuclear policy could not differ from the Soviet one. Main political and economical decisions were made by the Soviet government in Moscow and the government of Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) had to implement them. Their power to object was limited.
In the 1950s Soviet government decided to build 20 research reactors in different regions of the USSR and abroad, following an initiative by Igor Kurchatov. Kurchatov was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
However, the idea to build a research reactor in Latvia was a local initiative. It was a proposal from physicists from the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences. The government of Latvian SSR forwarded it to the Council of Ministers of the USSR in spring 1958. The acceptance was received a few weeks later. The construction of „Salaspils Research Reactor“ (SRR) started in January 1959. SRR was put into operation in 1961 and carried out neutron activation analysis, nuclear reaction research, researches in solid state radiation physics, radiochemistry and radiobiology. It is the only research reactor Latvia has ever had. SRR is located 2 km from the centre of Salaspils city and 25 km from Riga, the capital. It was shut down in 1998. The spent fuel was sent to Mayak Production Association in Russia in May 2008 within a bilateral governmental agreement.
Background information: Portugal: Uranium Mining
The struggle against nuclear energy has a long tradition in the environmental movement in. In 1974, shortly after the April 25th revolution that overthrow the fascist regime, the Movimento Ecológico Português (MEP - Portuguese Ecological Movement) was formed. The main big issue of this movement was the opposition to the building of the in Ferrel, in Peniche. The anti-nuclear struggle evolved into a convergence of movements and citizens with ecological motivations under the CALCAN - Comissão de Apoio à Luta Contra a Ameaça Nuclear (Support Commission to the Struggle against the Nuclear Threat). A big anti-nuclear festival was organized and in 1977 a large march in Ferrel, initiated with the Church bells, marked the high point of the anti-nuclear struggle. The debate on whether to build a nuclear plant in Portugal continued until the 1980s. During this decade, the government definitely decided that Portugal should remain free from nuclear power.
Court decision: injunction against part of Talvivaara operation
The Vaasa Administrative Court has on April 2, 2013 given an interim decision on the emergency diversions that the Talvivaara mine invoked under Article 62 of the Environmental Protection Act. The mine claimed that emergency diversions are necessary to get the mine under control. The Kainuu ELY Center ruled that the diversions were legal. The Administrative Court has now overruled that decision and issued a temporary partial injunction, effective immediately. A final ruling will be made later.
The injunction limits the amount of water that can be diverted southwards to 7% of the water flow of the Kalliojoki river. This is the maximum amount allowed by the normal environmental permit. As such, it implies that as of now, no water in excess of the normal 1.3 million cubic meters can be discharged to the south of the mine.
Czech Ministry agrees on two new reactor blocks in Temelín
The Czech Environmental Ministry has given its OK to the planned building of two new nuclear blocks at the already existing location of Temelín NPP. Thousands of comments by Czech and foreign NGOs and citizens were put aside, basic questions of a formally incorrect EIA-process have not been answered, like: which reactor types will be used (AP1000 from Westinghouse, EPR from Areva or MIR.1200 from Rosatom), what to do with the nuclear waste and who will be paying for the dismanteling and secondary investments like new roads and the necessary grid improvements.Besides that it is quite uncommon, that a leading person from the side of the investor (mainly state owned company ČEZ), Mr. Ivo Hlaváč, is changing his job to become vice ministry exactly for the period, when the investment project of his former company is being scrutinized by the Environment Ministry, his new employer. In the meanwhile he has returned back to his former company ČEZ. Czech NGOs like Calla and Jihočeské matky (Southern Bohemian mothers) now try to use legal means in order to bring this badly prepared project to an end.
Indigenous protests against uranium mining, nuclear waste dumping and industrial abuse in Saskatchewan, Canada
The Jan 5th Idle No More rally in Buffalo Narrows was a powerful introduction of INM into northern Saskatchewan. It was attended by over 200 people of all ages, mostly Metis & First Nations representing the communities of (but not limited to) La Loche, Buffalo River First Nation, Dillon, Birch Ridge First Nation, Turnor Lake, Michel Village, Buffalo Narrows, Ile-a-la-Crosse, Canoe Lake First Nation, Beauval, English River First Nation, Patuanak, Pinehouse, Green Lake and Red Pheasant First Nation. There was a great showing from our youth.
The powerhouses of Idle No More in northern Saskatchewan are the young Metis and First Nation mothers Angella McKay of Buffalo Narrows, originally from Ile-a-la-Crosse, and April Rogers of Treaty 6, with her children being of Treaty 10, Birch Ridge First Nations. These young women are a beautiful force to be reckoned with, because they are coming from a place of love for their children. Also organizing and drawing from decades of experience were Marius and Candyce Paul of English River First Nation.
Demonstrators in Russia insisted on righting pervasive nuclear defects
Activists across Russia used the 26th anniversary of the disaster at Chernobyl to spotlight ongoing problems in the country’s ailing nuclear industry - many of which demonstrators say could lead to a Chernobyl two as government and industry officials persistently ignore the lessons of Fukushima.
In Moscow, activists gathered outside the headquarters of Rosatom, Russia’s state nuclear corporation, demanding that dangerous high-power reactor experiments at Murmansk’s Kola Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) cease, and that Chernobyl-style RBMK 1000 reactors, 11 of which still function in Russia, be taken off the grid.
Nuclear renaissance. What nuclear renaissance?
The Financial Times (FT) reported in April that the parliamentary Energy Select Committee is to invite executives from big energy companies to a meeting, "amid concerns that Britain's 'nuclear renaissance' is under threat."
No wonder: the UK government is committed to plans for new nuclear power stations at eight sites, each with one or two reactors. However German power companies E-ON and RWE, the intended builders at two of these sites - at Wylfa in Anglesey and Oldbury in Gloucestershire - had announced that they were selling their Horizon joint venture to build nuclear reactors in Britain, in part because of financial difficulties caused by Germany's retreat from atomic power after the Fukushima disaster. It has been suggested that Russian energy company Russcom (Chernobyl!), two Japanese energy companies (Fukushima!), and the Chinese State Nuclear Power Corporation might be interested, but Tim Yeo, Conservative chair of the energy select committee is reported by the Financial Times as saying that it was "ominous" that no buyer had come forward to buy Horizon.
Sizewell Chernobyl anniversary camp and demo
Buoyed by the success of running a full 50-seater coach from London to the Fukushima-anniversary demo against nuclear power at the Hinkley Point nuclear-power station in Somerset in March, London Region CND decided to run a similar coach to a similar demonstration at Sizewell, marking the anniversary of Chernobyl, in Suffolk on April 21st. This was the 4th annual demo held there to mark this anniversary.
This time, 40 people joined the coach in London, which was not bad considering the threatening weather. (The previous April only 21 had joined a similar coach from London.) This number was made to seem all the more respectable when we found that only about 100 people were there for the demonstration, as against the over 1000 that turned up at Hinkley. The demonstration consisted of long speeches from the eminent or representative interspersed with music, a little singing, and a heavy rain shower, as against the burning sunshine of the previous year, and ended with a symbolic blockade of the entrance to the power station. This year it was a standing blockade - the ground was too cold and wet to invite sitting!
The end of Fennovoima NPP project?E.On to leave it as well. There are now about 40% shares for sale, but no buyer in sight. More shareholders are leaving, so all signs show this is the end of the project to build a 7th reactor in Finland.
New Russian nuclear power: "Risk for Europe"
Oleg Bodrov and his lawyer, Andrey Talevlin, have appealed to the European Court of Human Rights after being denied access to a Russian court about the unlawful extension of operation permit for a Chernobyl-type nuclear reactor. Oleg Bodrov was recently interviewed by the French publication Journal D´Alsace about the reason for this appeal, during a visit in Strasbourg, seat of the European Court.
One of the Chernobyl-type reactors at the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant, 40 km west of St Petersburg in Russia, was unlawfully given permission by the Russian regulator to continue operation beyond the lifetime-design time limit. The permission was given without a proper environmental impact assessment – EIA – or real public participation in the decision making process. This is contrary to Russian law. Bodrov was denied the right to try the case in a Russian court. As a private citizen he did not have the right to access to the court system. The Russian court also said the decision was made by the proper authority, and so all necessary safety concerns and environmental concerns were taken care of. The only possibility of having the decision about the life-time extension tried in a court was then an appeal to the European Court.
Belarusian anti-nuclear campaigners rejected from entering the EU
On 26 September the Belarusian antinuclear campaigners Mikalai Ulasevich and Tatsiana Novikava were not allowed to enter Lithuania on the reason of status of non-grata persons who might endanger the public order or the national security of Lithuania or others EU member states. They actually wanted to join the conference "Lithuania – Belarus: Nuclear Energy Neighborhood" held in the Lithuanian Parliament. They were officially invited to share their views on the problems of NPP construction and public participation in decision-making on nuclear energy in Belarus and Lithuania. - Sign the solidarity petition!
Marking Nuclear Waste Disposal Facilities
An issue that has long been on the radioactive waste management agenda is the means of marking a waste repository site, such that future generations will be able to comprehend its purpose and risks. Research into long lasting information carriers is being done, but how do 'future people' know there is a message inside, or even, where do we put it so 'future people' will find it before people start digging? And then the more principal questions, will such a warning not attract people to start digging? Or do we have to forget repositories ever existed? But how? Of course we have to stop producing nuclear waste immediately. But even then, the historical waste has to be stored. Responsibility to future generations implies that we necessarily have to do all to prevent future harm. This makes warnings to the future all the more necessary. But how?
In this article we discuss the three approaches over the past few decades (para 1, 2, and 3), a new emerging vision (para 4) and the question of permanent retrievability (para 5).
Anti-nuclear campaigners arrested in Minsk
A Coordinator of the campaign Tatyana Novikova and Russian nuclear physicist Andrej Ozharovsky, activists of Belarusian anti-nuclear campaign, were arrested this morning (18/07/2012). Now the activists are in Leninsky Police department of Minsk. Details of arrest are not known.
As website сharter97.org found out later, coordinator of the Monitoring Group of the Centre of Legal Transformation Michael Matskevich and chairman of the NGO "Eco House" Irina Sukhiy were also detained by unknown persons on the exit of the office of "Green Network”.Irina Sukhiy was going to the Russian embassy, in order to pass the original of the petition against the construction of the Nuclear Power Plant in Belarus. Michael Matskevich was heading to Leninsky Police department, where, presumably, are located detained activists Tatyana Novikova and Andrei Ozharovsky.
International Anti-nuclear Camp & Network Gathering in Middle Saxony/Germany
July 30 - August 3, 2012
You are invited to five days of workshops and presentations, skill-sharing and networking, excursions and public events in Döbeln, Middle Saxony. It will be a chance to meet activists and interested people from several regions across Europe to share experiences and ideas with each other and network for mutual projects and actions.
Everyone is welcome to offer workshops or presentations on topics they are working with. Please feel invited to talk about your current struggles, upcoming campaigns and actions. The gathering also aims to share our skills together in the fields of action, campaigning, investigating etc. It would be wonderful if you have issues you want to bring up.
We plan to visit an abandoned uranium mine at the Czech border not too far from the camp. There we will meet critics and learn about the challenges connected to uranium mining.
Stop Kola Nuclear Power Plant!
Nature and Youth (Young Friends of the Earth Norway) and one of our sister organizations in Russia, Priroda i Molodezh, have since February this year had an ongoing petition for the closure of an old and dangerous nuclear power plant in the North-West of Russia. Three out of the four reactors at Kola NPP are operating beyond the 30-year recomended lifetime, which makes it even more risky not to shut it down.
If you also want to support our campaign and learn more about Kola NPP, visit to our website (www.stopkolanpp.com) and sign the petition. Please make sure to share the link on facebook and/or twitter as well to make even more people aware of Kola NPP.
Lithuania's agreement with Hitachi criticizedVisaginas nuclear power plant (NPP) project would not be profitable. This is one of the reasons, why Lithuanian Green Party urges the Parliament not to approve the Concession Agreement with Japanese company Hitachi. The reasons were set out in Lithuanian Green Party's statement, prepared in cooperation with Lithuanian Energy Consultants Association and Green Policy Institute.
Special report: Management of spent fuel and radioactive waste
Since the beginning of nuclear power the producing countries claim that "there will be a solution for nuclear waste soon", that "it is not a technical but a social and political problem".
This global overview of the state of affairs in 34 countries clearly shows that none of them have a final disposal facility, be it in deep geological formations or (near) surface. A very large majority of those countries are not even close. Some postpone the need for final disposal by long term interim storage of up to 100 years; and other countries use (the future option of) reprocessing as an alibi for postponing a decision.
Nuclear power is not a good business anymore
Recent news show nuclear power is not a good business anymore. After Fukushima accident, more projects have been cancelled around the world, but Finland seems to go on with new nuclear plants.The Fennovoima project may have problems in financing, experts say. The biggest shareholder, E.On (34%) has already stepped aside from all nuclear projects and says it will concentrate on renewables. Small investors might have problems if the construction starts. Plant prices have risen about 100% from the beginning of the project. Making profit with new nuclear means electicity prices must rise.
A nature catastrophy is being prepared in Eastern Lapland
The Norwegian public company Yara International is planning a phosphorus and niobium ore mining project in Sokli. There the phosphorus ores contain tenfold amounts of radioactive materials like uranium, thorium, radium and polonium compared to normal Sokli levels, the niobium ores even 200-fold amounts.
Covered by soil these radioactive materials are quite harmless, but during mining operations they are freed into the nature. Many uranium compounds are water soluble and spread easily with dust and drainage water into nature, where local inhabitants collect natural products like berries and mushrooms, reindeer is herded and ecotourists and fishermen wander in nature reserves.
Pack ice and bad engineering
The Fennovoima company was founded by E.On (Germany) and stainless steel producer Outokumpu (Finland) to become the third nuclear energy company in Finland. Outokumpu is a very power-hungry company, using about 300 megawatts of electricity 24/7. E.On has problems with it’s own nuclear reactors reaching end of life in Germany. Other members of this company are small industries and utility companies in Finland. The company business idea is called “Mankala-principle”, which allows the company to avoid all taxes when selling power to its shareholders. This kind of operation was twice questioned in Finland during the 1960’s, and is currently under examination of the EU commission as a violation to the directives.
Being a new player in the field, Fennovoima started its first reactor project with no engineering staff. There are no experienced reactor design engineers in Europe, as the last reactor by E.On started production in the 1980’s. Finland’s current reactors are 1970’s design, from USSR and Sweden. Because of Chernobyl accident, no new NPP projects were started in Europe until the troublesome Olkiluoto and Flamanville projets, both seriously behind their schedules and over budget.
Talvivaara: Uranium Extraction Permission for Europe's Largest Nickel Mine?
Talvivaara is Europe's largest opencast nickel mine. Started in 2008, the mine operates 24 hours a day, everyday, in the Kainuu region of Finland, 550 km NNE from Helsinki. Mining, crushing, chemical bio-heap-leaching, and extraction facilities cover and area of 60 sq km, slightly larger than Manhattan Island, NY. Over 30 million tons was mined in 2010 and operations are expected to continue for 45 years, not including cleanup / restoration of the area. Talvivaara also extracts zinc, copper, cobalt, and uranium.
Russian based Norilsk Nickel has a 10 year contract with Talvivaara for nickel and cobalt which is smelted at their plant in Harjavalta. It is documented that heavy metals pollution in the land around Norilsk Nickel's original factory are at such high levels that it would be economically feasible to mine the soil of the area.
Numerous problems at Talvivaara include chemical spills, widespread regional air and water contamination and chemical fires at the processing facility. The Economic crimes division of the Oulu Police are now conducting two investigations. Meanwhile, local people have been advised not to use well water for drinking, washing or sauna and complain of skin rashes and other symptoms they believe are due to Talvivaara. The Kainuu Regional Environment Centre has discovered four badly contaminated lakes and three others 'less badly' contaminated.
Radiation levels at the Gorleben atomic waste repository too high
The legal annual radiation limit for the Gorleben interim repository for high level radioactive waste is 0.3 mSv/a. The Lower Saxony authority NLWKN on the basis of their measurements of the first half year of 2011 calculated an annual dose of 0.32 mSv. Thus, no additional Castor containers with high level atomic waste could be brought to the repository. The proposed 2011 Castor transport would have to be canceled.
But, as this result doesn't suit the nuclear industry, new measurements were commissioned. The PTB, a federal authority well-known for their pro-nuclear studies in the past, published their results: 0.212 mSv/a. An additional expertise by the TÜV (another expert organization supporting the nuclear industry) supported the PTB interpretation of the measurements. A Greenpeace expertise calculated an accumulated annual dose of 0.305 mSv in case the proposed eleven Castor containers would be brought to the Gorleben repository in November and blamed the Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment for miscalculations in their data due to a wrong mixture of different measurements.
Besides that, the detected neutron radiation in Gorleben, situated 1.9 km from the repository, has been doubled since the beginning of the storage of atomic waste in the facility.
Polish Atomic Energy Policy to be commented
The Polish government has sent its plans for a future nuclear power strategy to the German Ministry of Environment. As part of a so-called strategic environmental assessment citizens of certain neighbour countries will have the possibility to submit between October 5, 2011 and January 4, 2012 their objections to the Polish Ministry of Economy.
- information on the website of the German Ministry of Ecology German
- Polish Energy Plan documents
- objection campaign | sign-up list German
Explosion in nuclear waste treatment facility near Avignon
As reported on September 12, 2011, there has been an explosion at 9.45 AM GMT in an oven to burn low level atomic waste in the nuclear facility Marcoule 30 km north of Avignon (F). One worker died, four workers have been injured, one of them seriously. The authorities established a security cordon outside the facility as radioation releases are possible. So far, a speaker for the safety authorities said in an interview for Tagesschau (German broadcasting), no radiation has been released yet. On the site also some small decommissioned nuclear reactors a decommissioned fast breeder reactor is situated. The facility, that is owned by a daughter company of the atomic company EDF, is partially used by Areva for producing the highly dangerous MOX fuel, a mixture of uranium and plutonium. The same day the French authorities declared the accident to have been finished. While the official version says that no radiation had been released, and the operator insists claiming it to be an industrial, not a nuclear accident, it came to public that the killed workers body was irradiated and had to be burried in a specially shielded coffin.
Finnish Olkiluoto NPP blockaded by international activists
A blockade of about 100 activists from Finland, Sweden, Germany, Russia, France, United Kingdom|UK and Belarus several times stopped the traffic on the access roads to the disputed Olkiluoto nuclear power plant in Finland. Police had announced to prevent the blockade of roads that were supposed to take place for the second time. They forced protesters from the streets again and again towards a bus stop nearby. Nevertheless, the activists succeeded several times to blockade the main access road to the NPP for some minutes, while an additional access street had been closed for some two hours by a wooden tripod construction with an activist on the top.
Olkiluoto is a peninsula at the western coast of Finland and one of two atomic power plant sites of the country. Currently the trouble reactor Olkiluoto 3 is under construction there. It was supposed to come into operation already in 2009, but so far hasn't been finished yet. Instead, the costs climbed nearly to the double of the projected number, and hundreds of construction failure have been critized by the authorities so far. Partial interruptions of the construction were also caused by these faults. The french company Areva with participation of the atomic branch of the German Siemens company is the leading constructor of the prototype of the EPR, the so-called "European pressurized water reactor".Summer last year the Finnish government and the Finnish parliament decided in contrary to the for Finnish conditions strong protests to support the construction of some two or three additional nuclear reactors. No one in Finland needs there energy. Instead, the nuclear lobby hopes for profitable export earnings. Strangely enough, basically all new NPP projects around the Baltic Sea calculate with exporting their atomic electricity, although there is already an excessive supply of energy. Germany for instance, the country that closed seven nuclear reactors in consequence of the Fukushima disaster and that is seen internationally as "the" nuclear phaseout state, is still exporting electricity to the European market. However, in Finland the construction of Olkiluoto 3 is mostly a strategic project of the French-German nuclear industry that urgently needs a model NPP to be able to sell the EPR internationally. Costs obviously don't lay a major role.
Extension of Kola NPP: А dangerous and unnecessary experiment
At the public hearings on June 9, 2011 in Polarnye Zory ecologists stated of the low quality of the EIA document preparation, the risks and uselessness of the project itself and demanded to carry out stress-tests adopted by the EU methodology.
On June 9, 2011 in Polarnye Zory public hearings on the preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment materials (EIA) of operating unit No. 4 of Kola NPP at 107% of nominal power were held. The hearing was attended by over 500 people, mostly employees of the nuclear station. There were 25 speeches, mostly containing gratitude to “Rosenergoatom” for support of sports, health and pensioners. Also 13 questions were announced from environmental organizations, mostly critical to the disputed project.
First NukeNews issue released
The NukeNews are a new newsletter system of the Nuclear Heritage Network provided in several languages. The NukeNews will provide anti-nuclear activists with information about atomic policy in several countries, anti-nuclear campaigns and actions as well as other messages believed by activists of the Nuclear Heritage Network to be important for other concerned people. The idea was created already in October 2008 during the international NUCLEAR weekEND. But it took several years to produce the very first issue of the NukeNews due to many activists being overloaded already by the pile of anti-nuclear tasks. Now it is accomplished - you can receive the first issue of the NukeNews in English, Finnish, German and Russian - it is supposed to finish the French version as soon as possible, too. Subscribe the language version of your choice on our "mailing lists" page!
The so-called German nuclear phase-out is a fraud
While the German government and some conservative media celebrate the recent strategy decision of Germany's leaders to be a consequent reaction to the atomic disaster in Fukushima and call it an advance, it is the opposite. With the latest (May/June, 2011) decisions of the ruling parties of Germany a partly extension of the remaining lifetime of the nuclear reactors is supposed to be set by law. The atomic industry receives an other guarantee for the continuation of nine reactors. And legalizes new Fukushimas and Chernobyls for at least eleven more years.
Yet not all details of the new policy are public, but by now it seems to become a gift to the nuclear industry, who already feared to lose now all of their NPPs. There is no indication that the closure of the reactors will be irreversible. In contrast, one reactor is supposed to be kept on stand-by to be possibly reactivated again. In a couple of years the nuclear industry could start to negotiate again claiming it would not be possible to close their NPPs - as they did before, too. As the experience with the so-called German phase-out teached us the last ten years, only those reactors being closed down provide a chance not to be reactivated again - although Greens and Social Democrats in their federal government even found possibilities to reactivate them virtually by admitting the industry to add the theoretically remaining lifetime of an already closed reactor to other NPP's lifetimes. The new "plan" says the remaining nine reactors are supposed to be closed 2015, 2017, 2019, 2021 and 2022 - enough time for the nuclear lobby to try to phase-out the phase-out again, as they did already a couple of months before the Fukushima disaster occured.
It seems that the arithmetically remaining lifetime of the oldest nuclear reactors is supposed to be added to the legal lifetime of the newer ones (which are all very old, too). Even the legal lifetime capacities of those NPPs which are offline or closed due to accidents or court decisions will be added to the remaining reactors. As accidents and incidents are usual in the nuclear industry, the final year of closure of the last reactor could be even much later than 2022 due to the rule that the interruption time doesn't count on their legal lifetimes.
According to the available information about the results of the negotiations of the ruling parties, those seven nuclear reactors that have been offline as a consequence of the catastrophe in Fukushima as well as the Krümmel NPP that has been offline for many years due to a series of accidents will not be restarted again. This is probably the only good news, that the government doesn't dare to restart them - mass blockades of these reactors have been announced for the point of time when the moratorium would end.
The anti-nuclear movement in Germany, environemntal NGOs, oppositional parties on federal level as well as the big number of federal states' governments not ruled by the parties of the federal government, are currently putting much pressure on Angela Merkel and her cabinet to improve the nuclear phase-out ruling the governmental parties had decided on May 30, 2011. Some details were already changed due to the negotiations, like the gradually closure of nuclear power plants instead of leaving all of them in operation until 2022. And it also seems that the proposed and by the former red-green government in the old phase-out law legally fixed possibility of transfer of remaining reactor lifetime rights will be eliminated. These are successes not of the conservative government or the anti-nuclear pretending green party being responsible for having created the framework for the extension of the NPP lifetimes, but of the anti-nuclear movement.
NUCLEAR SAFETY OF THE BALTIC & BARENTS REGIONS
Over the past forty years, 32 nuclear power plants (NPP) have been constructed and operated in the Baltic and Barents regions. Taking into account their operating experience, all countries of the Baltic region have got divided into two groups: nuclear optimists and nuclear pessimists. Thus for safety reasons, the countries located in the west of the Baltic region either refused construction of the new nuclear power plants (Denmark) or started decommission process of the existing power units (Germany, Sweden, Lithuania). At the same time, the countries in the east of the region either extend the service life of their old NPPs (Russia) or build the new nuclear plants (Finland and Russia). The new NPP construction projects are being most actively promoted exactly along the border of division between the nuclear optimists and the nuclear pessimists.
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- No Nukes Inforesource
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- Status und Trends der Atomenergie weltweit (PDF) German
- map of current measurements of gamma radiation in Germany German
- environmental justice atlas
- HCSS Nuclear Timeline
- Atommüllreport - portal on atomic plants in Germany German
- IndependentWHO - background information on the impact of IAEA on WHO English/French/German/Japanese/Russian
- list of NPPs in Europe on Wikipedia German
- ↑ http://enenews.com/official-plant-emergency-nuclear-facility-uranium-gas-released-emergency-personnel-working-determine-source-unknown-material-released-eyewitnesses-chemical-taste-mouth-moving-across-highway-c
- ↑ http://www.westkentuckystar.com/News/Local-Regional/Southern-Illinois/UF-6-Leak-Confirmed-at-Metropolis-Honeywell-Plant.aspx
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranium_hexafluoride
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 http://www.dw.de/russland-extremismusgesetze-weiter-versch%C3%A4rft/a-2680190-1 as of May 30, 2014
- ↑ http://www.handelsblatt.com/meinung/gastbeitraege/nina-chrustschowa-putins-anti-extremismus-gesetz/7552500-2.html as of May 30, 2014
- ↑ http://www.sova-center.ru/en/misuse/ as of June 13, 2014
- ↑ http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2012-07/russland-ngo-gesetz-2 as of June 26, 2014
- ↑ http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2012-07/russland-gesetz-agenten as of June 26, 2014
- ↑ http://www.deutschlandfunk.de/russland-ecodefense-in-schwierigkeiten.697.de.html?dram:article_id=289464 as of June 24, 2014
- ↑ http://www.linksnet.de/de/artikel/31300 as of June 24, 2014
- ↑ Update on repression against environmental groups in Russia as of June 24, 2014
- ↑ atomwaffenfrei.de: "Das Geschäft mit der Massenvernichtung", http://www.atomwaffenfrei.de/home/artikel/de122974bf16cb2e06c56cc61280ec71/das-geschaeft-mit-der-massenvernichtung.html as of 10/10/2013
- ↑ Susi Snyder (IKV Pax Christi, the Netherlands), Wilbert van der Zeijden (IKV Pax Christi, the Netherlands): "Don't bank on the bomb! A Global Report on the financing of Global Weapons Producers", 2013, ISBN 978-90-70443-26-9, http://www.dontbankonthebomb.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/DBOTB2013-FINAL.pdf
- ↑ FACING FINANCE: "DON’T BANK ON THE BOMB Deutsche Finanzinstitute und ihre Investitionen in Atomwaffenhersteller", October 2013, http://www.dontbankonthebomb.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Germany-Dont-Bank-on-the-Bomb_FacingFinance.pdf
- ↑ spiegel.de: "NATO Strategy Paper: Nuclear Weapons Likely to Stay in Germany", 11/10/2013, http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/nato-strategy-paper-nuclear-weapons-likely-to-stay-in-germany-a-722435.html
- ↑ International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN): "124 states condemn unacceptable effects of nuclear weapons: 'very survival of humanity depends on nuclear weapons never being used'", 21/10/2013, http://www.icanw.org/campaign-news/124-states-condemn-unacceptable-effects-of-nuclear-weapons-very-survival-of-humanity-depends-on-nuclear-weapons-never-being-used
- ↑ facing-finance.org: "Atomare Akzeptanz – Bundesregierung weigert sich Atomwaffeneinsatz grundsätzlich zu verurteilen", 22/10/2013, http://www.facing-finance.org/de/2013/10/deutsch-atomare-akzeptanz-bundesregierung-weigert-sich-atomwaffeneinsatz-grundsatzlich-zu-verurteilen/
- ↑ Antwort der Bundesregierung auf parlamentarische Anfrage der Fraktion 'Die Grünen': "Humanitäre Auswirkungen von Atomwaffen und die nukleare Teilhabe Deutschlands", 11/10/2013, http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/17/148/1714822.pdf as at October 22, 2013
- ↑ http://urantransport.de urantransport.de
- ↑ http://blog.eichhoernchen.fr/post/Noch-zwei-Urantransporte German
- ↑ Please add a reference
- ↑ http://www.sofa-ms.de/home.html as at May 21,2013
- ↑ http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL2870020520070628 as at April 28, 2013
- ↑ Press-release by the head of Lithuanian parliament, August 20, 2012 http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=4028&p_d=127841&p_k=2
- ↑ Lithuania has not received Russia's answers about safety of nuclear power plant in Kaliningrad, www.15min.lt, Sept 7, 2012 http://www.15min.lt/en/article/world/lithuania-has-not-received-russia-s-answers-about-safety-of-nuclear-power-plant-in-kaliningrad-529-247159
- ↑ Book "Salaspils zinātniskā kodolreaktora 50 gadi", Publishing House "Zinātne", 2010
- ↑ http://inventions.lza.lv/proto.php?id=131 as of April 24, 2013
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MMC_Norilsk_Nickel
- ↑ http://yle.fi/uutiset/teksti/news/2011/09/talvivaara_mine_dismisses_health_and_environmental_claims_2902005.html
- ↑ http://www.hs.fi/kotimaa/Kainuun+ELY-keskus+Talvivaara+pilannut+pahoin+nelj%C3%A4%C3%A4+j%C3%A4rve%C3%A4/a1305550727980
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 https://www.gorleben-castor.de/index.php?cont=news&id=382&n=1 as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ https://www.gorleben-castor.de/index.php?cont=news&id=369&n=1 as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ http://www.contratom.de/castorticker2011.php?id=37487 as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ http://de.nachrichten.yahoo.com/strahlung-gorleben-laut-t%C3%BCv-auch-durch-weitere-castoren-124400783.html as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ http://www.contratom.de/castorticker2011.php?id=38034 as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ https://www.gorleben-castor.de/index.php?cont=news&id=372&n=1 as at October 26, 2011
- ↑ http://enenews.com/report-marcoule-victim-was-irradiated-buried-in-shielded-coffin-locals-disagree-with-govt-radiation-story-failure-to-disclose-what-was-burned-during-explosion as at September 23, 2011
- ↑ For protection against automatical email address robots searching for addresses to send spam to them this email address has been made unreadable for them. To get a correct mail address you have to displace "AT" by the @-symbol.
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