Pyhäjoki

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-> draft for the brochure

Basic Information

Hanhikivi is a cape which is located in municipality of Pyhäjoki, at North Ostrobothnia, on the coast of Bothnian Bay. Minor piece of the capes end belongs to town of Raahe. The cape is about 5 kilometers long. (map link) Hanhikivi means “Goose rock” in english. The name of area comes from the relic, erratic block, which locates at the capes end.[1]

Hanhikivi area is significant conservation entity of land up-lift coast. There are none exactly as large unitary forest areas of land up-lift coast at North Ostrobothnia. Hanhikivi area includes coast biodiversity, quite representative herb-rich forests of up-lift coast, small flood meadows and hardwood-spruce swamps. In addition, the area includes other statutory preserved objects as like sea-shore meadows and gloe lakes. The area of Hanhikivi has noted in North Ostrobothnia county planning as nature multipurpose area. There are, also, nationally significant relic and scenically valuable rocky area. Hanhikivi area is partially limited to Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti-Heinikarinlampi -Natura area.[2]

About 63 % of Hanhikivi area has been preserved. About 170 hectares was preserved in Merestä metsäksi -project (forest programme) during 2005–2006 by natural values trading, subsidy for preserving ecological values and by buying land to state. There are, also, about 110 hectares preserved by other ways.[2]

Hanhikivi is very valuable bird migrations area. Hietakarinlahti-Takaranta –area has been qualified as a nationally important bird area, FINIBA area (Finnish Important Bird Areas). FINIBA areas are remarkable areas for nature conservation. They are nesting and gathering places for near threatened species and species for international special responsibility.[3]

Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti and Heinikarinlampi are Natura 2000 area (code FI110420). It is defined as an nationally valuable bird water area. Also, the sea-shore meadows of Maunus are qualified as a regionally valuable traditional landscape and as the last clear-preserved sea-shore meadows. The surface area is about 275 hectares.[3]

Hanhikivi is also the name of a fixed relic, the delimeter from historical age. It has been qualified nationally valuable object and be protected by Antiquities Act (295/63). The Treaty of Nöteborg (Pähkinäsaaren rauha), also known as Treaty of Oreshek, is the peace treaty that set the first east border concerning Finland. The treaty was the first settlement between Sweden and Novgorod Republik regulating their border. The border began at Rajajoki, went to northwest across the Karelian Isthmus and ended to coast of Bothnian Bay. Hanhikivi is found as the delimiter of Treaty of Nöteborg.[4]

Links


Photos

The nuclear company Fennovoima (biggest shareholder is the German nuclear company EON) wants to build a new nuclear power plant in Finland - probably in Simo or in Pyhäjoki. The images give an impression about the area affected by these nuclear developments.



Pyhäjoki on the Nuclear Baltic Map: nr. 34


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