Nuclear Baltic Map

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Atomic facilities and anti-nuclear groups in the Baltic Sea region (Atomic Baltic project)

The Nuclear Baltic Map project is result of the Baltic Sea Infotour project.

See the preliminary map.

Contents

Nuclear Baltic Map Project

With the Baltic Sea Info Tour 2010 we focused on gathering information about nuclear issues around the Baltic Sea, images of these places and facilities, operators, critical groups, links and other resources to be used for the Nuclear Baltic Map. Now we will work on these materials to produce some brief introductions to these facilities and issues for the Atomic Threats Around the Baltic Sea book project.


Texts

general issues

  1. radioactive contamination of the Baltic Sea
    • impacts of atomic bombs tests, Chernobyl accident, Sellafield, NPPs
    • nuclear transports across the sea -> risks of accidents of the ships, collisions with other transports of hazardous materials; low level radiation (without accidents) increasing health risks
      • depleted uranium waste transports, uranium transports, radioactive waste transports, fuel element transports
      • Rostock harbour as a transition point for nuclear materials
      • nuclear harbour in St. Petersburg and its extension
        • Floating NPP Akademik Lomonosov is under assembly the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg.[1] It is scheduled to start operating in late 2012[2], after which it will be moved to Vilyuchinsk, in the Kamchatka region[3] - probably will be sailing through the Baltic Sea? (added by imota)
    • increase of risks through new uranium mining plans, new NPP developments around the sea + repository plans beneath the sea
  2. Åland in the shadow of nuclear power[4] - (not enough)
  3. impacts of the radioactivity in the Baltic Sea to Denmark?
    • no nuclear facilities but most of the impacts...
  4. the (not only Baltic Sea-related) impacts of Chernobyl - (T has Russian text?)
  5. Uranium Mining around the Baltic Sea => Uranium in Sweden
    • history of uranium mining in Sweden and Finland
    • current run for uranium in Sweden and Finland
    • risks of uranium mining for concerned communities and environment
  6. Nuclear transports across the Sea
    • e.g. in Sweden: transport of waste to Clab + SFR repositories by M/S "Sigyn"


Atomic situation and policy in Baltic Sea countries

  1. Finland
  2. Russia
  3. Estonia
  4. Latvia
  5. Belarus
  6. Lithuania
  7. Poland
  8. Germany
  9. Denmark
  10. Sweden
  11. Norway


NPPs Repositories Mines
Simo
File:NPP:Simo File:Map:Simo
operator e.on-Fennovoima employees
nearby inhabitants 160 accidents
reactor type BWR-2500 / EPR (PWR) fuel
size capacity
status Proposed production missing
waste per year emissions
construction - runtime -
comment text needs revising


Olkiluoto NPP
File:NPP:Olkiluoto NPP File:Map:Olkiluoto NPP
operator employees
nearby inhabitants accidents
reactor type fuel
size capacity
status production missing
waste per year emissions
construction - runtime -
comment existing reactors[5], new additional reactor under construction (OL-3)[6] and planned (OL-4)


FiR 1 Research Reactor
File:NPP:FiR 1 Research Reactor File:Map:FiR 1 Research Reactor
operator employees
nearby inhabitants accidents
reactor type fuel
size capacity
status production missing
waste per year emissions
construction - runtime -
comment Otaniemi/Espoo[7]


Loviisa
File:NPP:Loviisa File:Map:Loviisa
operator employees
nearby inhabitants accidents
reactor type fuel
size capacity
status production missing
waste per year emissions
construction - runtime -
comment existing reactors[8]


Ruotsinpyhtää NPP
File:NPP:Ruotsinpyhtää NPP File:Map:Ruotsinpyhtää NPP
operator employees
nearby inhabitants accidents
reactor type fuel
size capacity
status production missing
waste per year emissions
construction - runtime -
comment [9][10]
  1. Onkalo[11] (Finland)
    • final repository for HAW from Olkiluoto and Loviisa on the Olkiluoto NPP site
  2. Olkiluoto VLJ Repository[12] (Finland)
  3. final repository at the Loviisa NPP site[13]
    • for LMAW, and possible also for radioactive waste from decommissioning Loviisa and Olkiluoto NPP
  1. Ranua[14] (Finland) - (nothing)
  2. Tervola uranium site (Finland)
  3. Ylitornio uranium site (Rovaniemi, Finland)
  4. Sokli mining site[15] (Finland)
  5. Talvivaara mining site (Finland)
[[Category: Finland|]]'s atomic policy

File:Map:Finland

Reactors: 6
Repositories: 3
Mines: 5
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Barsebäck NPP[16] (Sweden)
    • closed NPP
  2. Oskarshamn NPP[17] (Sweden)
  3. Studsvik Research Reactor
    • decommissioned
  4. Stockholm Research Reactor[18]
    • decommissioned
  5. Marviken NPP[19] (Sweden)
    • abandoned reactor project
  6. Forsmark NPP[20] (Sweden)
    • existing NPP, new reactors planned
  7. Ringhals NPP [21] (Sweden) (added by imota)
  8. Ågestaverket NPP[22] (Sweden)
    • NPP closed in 1974
  1. final disposal site for LMAW at the Oskarshamn NPP site
  2. Labority for incapsulation[18]
    • experimental incapsulation plant for nuclear waste on Oskarshamn NPP site
  3. Äspölaboratoriet[18]
    • near Figeholm, north of Oskarshamn
    • 500 m deep research site for nuclear fuel final repository
  4. SFR Repository[23]
    • final repository for LMAW from Swedish reactors, located on the Forsmark NPP site. Located in the bedrock under the Baltic Sea.
  5. Forsmark HAW repository
    • proposed site for final disposal of HAW (spent fuel), to be built next to the SFR Repository, but not connected with it.[24]
  6. Clab repository[25]
    • central Swedish interim repository for spent fuel elements (HAW) on the Oskarshamn NPP site


  1. Vinterviken/Liljeholmen in Stockholm[18]
    • experimental uranium extraction from Swedish uranium ore
  2. Kvarntorp in Närke[18]
    • experimental uranium extraction from local ore, and experimental heavy water production
  3. Häggån (Sweden)
  4. Nianfors (Sweden) - (maybe take article that's already there?)
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Norwegian research reactors at Kjeller and Halden [26][27] (added to list by imota)
none Template:Mining Norway
NPPs Repositories Mines
    • proposed Fennovoima site next to Loviisa - failed because of strong resistance of the public in Loviisa
  1. Leningrad NPP (St. Petersburg, Russia)
    • existing reactors, new additional reactors under construction and planned[28]
  2. Sosnowy Bor NPP (Russia)
    • cancelled reactor project
  3. Research reactor PIK in Gatchina, at Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Science [29] (added to list by imota)
  4. Baltic NPP (Kaliningrad, Russia)
    • new NPP planned / under construction[30]
Mayak (see also Kyshtym Disaster) at Techa river Template:Mining Russia
NPPs Repositories Mines
Template:NPP Estonia
  1. Estonian Repository
    • In Estonia, near the town of Sillamäe on the shore of the Gulf of Finland there is a large waste depository.[31] In Estonia, near the town of Sillamäe on the shore of the Gulf of Finland there is a large (50 hectares) waste depository. The total radioactive waste amount there is 12 million tons and of that amount about half originates from the enrichment of uranium. An international project for the restoration of the area was completed in 2008.[32]


Template:Mining Estonia
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Salaspils Research Reactor (Latvia)
    • being decommissioned
  2. Pāvilostas NPP (Latvia)
  1. Radons (Latvia) - (nearly done)
    • closed repository? No
Template:Mining Latvia
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Ignalina NPP (Lithuania) - (promised by L)
  2. Visaginas NPP (Lithuania) - (promised by L)
    • new NPP planned[34]
  1. Lithuanian repositories (two sites) - (promised by Li)
Template:Mining Lithuania
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Ostrovets NPP (Belarus) - (promised by T in Russian)
    • new reactor planned / under construction
none Template:Mining Belarus
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Jezioro Żarnowieckie NPP (Poland)
    • old NPP project cancelled[35], new NPP planned
  2. National Center for Nuclear Research, Swierk - Poland[36]
    • Polish Research Reactors AGATA, ANNA, EWA, MARIA [37]
  3. research reactor MARYLA, krakow - poland
    • unloaded and dismanteled[38]
  1. National Radioactive Waste Repository, Rozan (Poland)
  1. Miningsites in Lower Silesia (Poland)
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Greifswald NPP[39] (Germany)
    • decommissioned NPP
  2. SUR Research Reactor Kiel[40] (Germany)
    • Siemens reactor for educational issues
  1. Asse II - collapsed final repository
  2. Morsleben - collapsed final repository
  3. Schacht Konrad - licensed final repository
  4. Gorleben - proposed final repository
  5. ZLN Lubmin[41] - temporary repository


Template:Mining Germany
NPPs Repositories Mines
  1. Risö Research Reactor (Denmark)
    • decommissioned reactor[42]
  1. Danish final disposal attempts[43] (Denmark)
Template:Mining Denmark

Other sites

  1. (Outokumpu Tornio Works (steel factory)[44] (Finland))
  2. OMG Kokkola Chemicals Oy (uranium extraction facility)[45] (Finland)
  3. Harjavalta (Talvivaara uranium extraction facility)[46] (Finland)
  4. Soznovyj Bor (waste burning & processing facilities) (Russia)
    • also site of Leningrad NPP
    • didn't find any information about waste burning + processing facilities there... --Falk 08:06, 11 December 2010 (CET)
    • In the storages of the Leningrad nuclear power plant in Sosnovy Bor, there is spent fuel equivalent to about 5000 tons of uranium. Since there is no intention to reprocess it, it will probably stay there for a long time.[31] In Sosnovy Bor, there is also a regional management centre for radioactive wastes. In the storages of the centre there is 60 000 m3 of radioactive waste. Its total activity is about 10 petabecquerels (PBq = 1015 Bq).[32]
  5. RWMP – Radioactive Waste Manegment Plant, Svierk (Poland)
  6. ZAW Lubmin (dissemination) (Germnay)
  7. Roskilde Experimental Site[47] (Denmark)
  8. Ranstad Uranium Ore Processing Facility[18]
    • uranium extraction facility for local resources
  9. Studsvik Nuclear Complex[48] (Sweden) (draft added -imota)
    • e.g. several conditioning factories for radioactive materials
    • Previously site of several research reactors, the last ones shut down in 2005, some still awaiting deconstruction. [49]
  10. Västerås Fuel Elements Factory[50] (Sweden)
  11. Sandviken Zirconium Alloy Tubing Facility

Appendix

Lists of:

  1. proposed sites for uranium mining, exploration etc. in Finland and Sweden (and more?) as well as former mining and exploration projects in the area
  2. Uranium deposits in the Baltic Sea region

Requirements for each facility page

  • a picture of the facility that we are allowed to use
  • infobox with technical information about the facility, for example:
    • Operator
    • Capacity
    • (How much radiation it sets free?)
    • when started to build, when will be ready, delays... (depending of facility)
    • How much a power plant produces
    • type of reactor
    • about exploration sites: Sizes
    • how much waste a reactor produces per year, information about the fuel
    • how many employees
    • number of people living around the facility
    • number of accidents
  • short text (1'500 characters max.)
  • contact details of critical groups working against this facility
    • group name, phone, email, website, postal address
  • links to operator and critical websites


Links to regional groups/organisations of possible interest

Finland:

Russia:

Estonia:

Latvia:

Lithuania:

Poland:

Belarus(?):

Germany:

Denmark:

Sweden:


Links to background information

(websites are mostly in finnish & swedish)


  1. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Russian_floating_nuclear_power_station - February 6, 2011
  2. http://www.times.spb.ru/index.php?action_id=2&story_id=31865 -February 6, 2011
  3. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Akademik_Lomonosov - February 6, 2011
  4. http://www.greenkids.de/europas-atomerbe/index.php?title=Baltic_Sea_Info_Tour/Aland&oldid=54531 - December 8, 2010
  5. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=504 - December 8, 2010
  6. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=505 - December 8, 2010
  7. http://www.stuk.fi/ydinturvallisuus/ydinjatteet/ydinjate/en_GB/ydinjate/ - December 10, 2010
  8. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=502 - December 8, 2010
  9. http://www.tem.fi/files/21275/38981_TEM_Nuclear_Energy_in_Finland_LR.pdf - December 11, 2010
  10. http://www.fennovoima.fi/en/fennovoima/media/press-releases/press-releases/fennovoima-to-evaluate-nuclear-power-plant-suitability-in-ruotsinpyhtaa as at August 20, 2013
  11. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=508 - December 8, 2010
  12. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=507 - December 8, 2010
  13. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=503 - December 8, 2010
  14. see http://www.greenkids.de/europas-atomerbe/index.php?title=Ranua_Uranium_Exploration_Action&oldid=53794
  15. see: Uranium Mining in Savukoski
  16. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=299 - December 8, 2010
  17. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=301 - December 8, 2010
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 http://www.tekniskamuseet.se/1/867.html as at July 17, 2013
  19. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=484 - December 8, 2010
  20. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=300 - December 8, 2010
  21. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Ringhals_Nuclear_Power_Plant - February 6, 2011
  22. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=483 - December 8, 2010
  23. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=514 - December 8, 2010
  24. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Forsmark_Nuclear_Power_Plant#Waste_disposal (no primary source given) - February 21, 2011
  25. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=511 - December 8, 2010
  26. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/List_of_nuclear_reactors#Norway - February 6, 2011
  27. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Institute_for_Energy_Technology - February 6, 2011
  28. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=277 - December 8, 2010
  29. https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Gatchina#20th_century_history - February 6, 2011
  30. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=1147 - December 8, 2010
  31. 31.0 31.1 http://www.stuk.fi/ydinturvallisuus/ydinjatteet/ydinjatteet_maailmalla/en_GB/maailmalla/ - December 11, 2010
  32. 32.0 32.1 http://www.stuk.fi/ydinturvallisuus/ydinjatteet/ydinjatteet_maailmalla/en_GB/lahialueet/ - December 11, 2010
  33. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=254 - December 8, 2010
  34. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=254 - December 8, 2010
  35. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=495 - December 8, 2010
  36. http://www.ncbj.gov.pl/
  37. http://www.contratom.de/atomstandorte/?land=46 - December 28, 2011
  38. http://www.paa.gov.pl/en/doc/3rdreport_JointConv.pdf
  39. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=168 - December 8, 2010
  40. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=144 - December 8, 2010
  41. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=169 - December 8, 2010
  42. http://www.greenkids.de/europas-atomerbe/index.php?title=Baltic_Sea_Info_Tour/Copenhagen&oldid=56847 - February 28, 2011
  43. http://www.contratom.de/2011/05/07/danemark-plant-atommullendlager-nahe-fehmarn/ as at May 7, 2011
  44. http://www-news.iaea.org/ErfView.aspx?mId=b32411e3-a847-443f-86d4-abb911059e97 as at June 8, 2012
  45. OMG Kokkola Chemicals Oy
    source: URANIUM INDUSTRY IN FINLAND 2012/02. Lapland's people against uranium power www.uraanivoima.com as at February 4, 2012
  46. Norilsk Harjavalta Nickel Oy
    source: URANIUM INDUSTRY IN FINLAND 2012/02. Lapland's people against uranium power http://www.uraanivoima.com as at February 4, 2012
  47. http://www.contratom.de/2011/05/07/danemark-plant-atommullendlager-nahe-fehmarn/ as at May 7, 2011
  48. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=727 - December 8, 2010
  49. http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Studsvik#AB_Atomenergi.2FStudsviks_reaktorer - February 6, 2011
  50. http://www.contratom.de/2.0/index.php?mod=standort&id=708 - December 8, 2010

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